Kacker & Daughter
Airports/ Civil Aviation

At present India is the 9th largest aviation market in the world with 82 operational airports, 12 operational scheduled airlines, 121 non-scheduled operators, and more than 735 aircraft. The number of air travelers in India is soon expected to cross the 50 million mark. The brand new integrated terminal T-3 was inaugurated in New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport in July 2010

Regulatory framework of civil aviation

Ministry of Civil Aviation (MCA) is the apex body for policy formulation in Civil Aviation sector. It conducts air services talks with other countries and supervises functioning of sector regulators such as Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS), Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), and Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) etc. Airports Authority of India (AAI) is a statutory authority managing almost all the airports. However, certain airports are operated by private players along with AAI.

To regulate the economic aspects of airports, the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) was set up in 2009. The functions of the AERA are to determine tariffs for aeronautical services, development and passenger service fees in the major airports and to monitor performance standards relating to quality, continuity and reliability of service.

The air safety regulator for the sector is Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). The overall functions of DGCA include regulation of air transport services to/from/within/over India by Indian and foreign operators, registration of civil aircraft and air personnel, formulation of air safety and airworthiness standards for the civil aircraft registered in India and grant of certificates of airworthiness to such aircraft.

There is a move to appoint a new regulator – CAA (the Civil Aviation Authority) and to subsume the DGCA into it.


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